Sharks are fished for their meat and fins or cartilage. But millions of species die due to bycatch in nets and longlines of swimming fish factories. The word bycatch is used to describe the process of a fish or shark that was unintentionally caught.
The “International Action Plan for Sharks” initiated by CITES and the FAO (Food and Agricultural Organization) confirms that:
- more than 100 out of 400 shark species are being commercially exploited
- many of these shark species are so overexploited that even their long-term survival can no longer be guaranteed
- a serious monitoring and control program is lacking for international shark trade.
Due to fishing the amount of sharks have decreased severely.
Hammerhead sharks: sunk by 89%
Thresher sharks: sunk by 80%
White sharks: sunk by 80%
Oceanic Whitetip sharks, Tiger sharks, Blue sharks, and makos: sunk by 60-70%